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SAP IDoc, Intermediate Document, is a standard file format to exchange data of S/4-, ERP, R/3- and other systems. IDoc files can be used for data imports and exports. Data can represent orders, invoices etc. - in particular transaction based data.
XML vs. Fix-Length-Format: IDoc files can be of to format types: XML or fixed-length-format. Fixed-length-format is mostly used by older legacy systems, which is why we focus only on XML-based IDoc.
Each IDoc file has the same structure:
- 1.Control data contains information about the transmitting and receiving partner.
- 2.Data contains the actually data to be transferred.
- 3.Status data keeps track of the stations the IDoc wen trough on its way of data transfer.
Locoia supports XML based IDoc files and process them in the following manner: